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importance of literature review in nursing research

importance of literature review in nursing research

Simple - A simple literature review is a brief overview of the topic not necessarily purely academic in scope and often uses popular sources (although popular sources are noted so their weight and value can be judged) this review is often just the start of the research process. Upon completion of the literature review, a researcher should have a solid foundation of knowledge in the area and a good feel for the direction any new research should take. The clearly written literature review will then serve as a basis for the background section of the research proposal, the argument for the need to conduct a quality improvement project, or the rationale for implementing new evidence-based practice. Norma… Research would be determined to be low quality if it had an insufficient description of the research design and methods, inadequate sample size, and inconsistent and nonappropriate implications and conclusions (Newhouse et al., 2005). Journal of the American Medical Association, 308( 11), 1142-1149. 1801 East Cotati Ave [Context Link], Garrard J. [Electronic book], Pan, M., & Lopez, M. (2008). The DH has developed two main strategies for the creation of national standards: those compiled by NICE, which draws on systematically reviewed research to produce guidelines for safe, quality treatments; and national service frameworks (NSFs), which are guidelines … PICOT, a commonly used acronym for writing research questions, is useful for organizing all types of projects when putting together a plan to search the literature. I had no problems with grammar, punctuation and style of writing. Research uses the steps of the scientific method to conduct a systematic, rigorous, investigation to answer questions and contribute to the knowledge of the science that will be useful for practice (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2013). Approaches for improving literature review methods. (Eds.). The importanceof literature reviewsishighlighted bythe dedication of this entire issue to reviews. However, the most recently published work will inform the project of the state of the current science. [Context Link], Fink A. Annals of Internal Medicine, 146( 9), 666-673. This article is intended to provide an overview and a quick, concise resource regarding the basic components of literature reviews. Within these groups, the author can then discuss the merits of each article and analyze and compare the importance of each article to similar ones. [Context Link], Jaffe R., Cowell J. M. ( 2014). (See Lit Review tab for more info.) Consulting with colleagues who understand the topic and population of interest to get new search words and ideas may be helpful. This is a professional service. The bedside clinical nurse is at the heart of understanding the need for discovering answers to important patient-care questions and should be encouraged by the prof… Guidance for PPE use in the COVID-19 pandemic. Wilson, J. L. (2016). Embarking on a research project is the most commonly understood reason for conducting a literature review. Busher H., James N. ( 2012). The literature review also plays a big role in justifying your study and setting your research question. before writing your lit review. It is prudent to keep searching until no new information is found. Morning sunlight reduces length of hospitalization in bipolar depression. This landmark annual review has provided nearly three decades of knowledge, insight, and research on topics critical to nurses everywhere. common theoretical frameworks? Danger exists that a practice, although in vogue elsewhere, may or may not have any evidential base and may cause harm. IMPORTANCE OF LITERATURE REVIEW An advanced-level literature review shows how prior research is linked to a new project, ... A good literature review lays the foundation for the importance of your stated problem and research question. Articles obtained through the literature search should be saved in electronic files and sorted by key words, population, published year, or other important factors. Beyond MEDLINE for literature searches. ( 2007). If no intervention is proposed and the study seeks to determine a relationship between existing phenomena, the "I" refers to the issues at hand. Benedetti F., Colombo C., Barbini B., Campori E., Smeraldi E. ( 2001). Or, in the case of dissertations, theses, and review articles, it can be an extensive review of all relevant research. Often, nurses who are extremely proficient clinically become interested in taking on an investigative project, but may shy away from a knowledge-advancing venture because of uncertainty about how to conduct a literature review. Measuring the outcomes is the "O" and represents the methods used to measure the outcomes of interest. It was a great pleasure to work with you! It may help to broaden the population of interest or the outcome measures to see if similar works are found slightly outside the specific domain of interest. Use of this feed is for personal non-commercial use only. British Journal Of Nursing, 25(6), 303-306. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications. Health sciences literature review made easy. Fineout-Overholt E., Stillwell S. B. These are a result of research and systematic reviews and make evidence available nationwide (NICE, 2002). One technique is called Boolean and is the method of using "and," "or," and "not" between key words to make a search more narrow or broad (Jaffe & Cowell, 2014). However, most of such activities are based on the previous studies and researches, conducted before. As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e.g., your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis). It allows the author to synthesize and place into context the research and scholarly literature relevant to the topic. It also helps you see how your research fits into the, Prevalence and correlates of strength exercise among breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors, Writing literature reviews: A guide for students of the social and behavioral sciences, Preparing literature reviews: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. A well-done literature review arms the nurse with the justification for a project and the confidence for approaching the stakeholders who must approve and fund work in the institution. Evidence-based practice is essential to improve quality of existing nursing care. It helps map the different approaches to a given question and reveals patterns. There are different techniques for using key words for online literature searches. Some nurses, being aware that the literature review is essential to a research project, choose to do a quality improvement project or implement an evidence-based initiative, falsely believing that an extensive review of the literature is not necessary for these. "I" stands for the intervention or issue being investigated. ( 2003). The importance of literature review to scientific research can be condensed into its analytical feature. Melnyk B. M., Fineout-Overholt E. A literature review can be a short introductory section of a research article or a report or policy paper that focuses on recent research. A literature review provides an overview of previous research on a topic that critically evaluates, classifies, and compares what has already been published on a particular topic. Important contributions to the science of nursing and health care are often conceived in the mind and heart of the bedside professional clinical nurse, who is at the forefront of providing patient care. If a thorough review and critique of the literature is lacking, investigative projects may suffer in scope and rigor, resulting in wasted time, duplication of efforts, or risky and unethical practice (Busher & James, 2012). ( 2013). Already a member? The literature review is defined as "[horizontal ellipsis]reading, analyzing, and writing a synthesis of scholarly materials about a specific topic" (Garrard, 2013, p. 4). Use it to, and commonalities in the articles you have found--similar, ? In B. M. Melnyk, E. Fineout-Overholt (Eds. Some popular sources for literature review content are journals, speeches, articles, essays or programs. Embarking on a research project is the most commonly understood reason for conducting a literature review. Wilson, J. L. (2016). Machi L. A., McEvoy B. T. ( 2012). Lippincott NursingCenter’s Best Practice Advisor, Lippincott NursingCenter’s Cardiac Insider, Lippincott NursingCenter’s Career Advisor, Lippincott NursingCenter’s Critical Care Insider, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO), Prone Positioning: Non-Intubated Patient with COVID-19 ARDS, Prone Positioning: Mechanically Ventilated Patients, Join NursingCenter to access all articles, Sackett, Straus, Richardson, Rosenberg, & Haynes, 2000, Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2014; Sackett et al., 2000, http://www.ebscohost.com/academic/cinahl-plus-with-full-text, Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2014; Newhouse, Dearholt, Poe, Pugh, & White, 2005, TABLE 1 Partial List of Recently Published Books Helpful for Conducting Literature Reviews, TABLE 2 PICOT Framework for Key Words and Search Terms for Literature Review: Example of a Proposed Project Investigating the Relationships Among Music, Pain, and Anxiety, TABLE 3 Example of a Table that Organizes Different Types of Articles. Literature review observes about the work that it is doing, is repeating unintentionally. Instead of a long summary of the research, your review should add value to the literature through the identification of important research gaps, controversies and directions for future research. Chapter 5 of Introduction to Nursing Research: Incorporating Evidence-based Practice ( Cannon & Boswell, 2011, 2nd ed. The professional practice of nursing is enhanced by the discoveries of research and clinical investigations led by nurses. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 35( 2), 177-182. The purpose is to critically evaluate the published body of knowledge on your topic. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Literature review work that has already been done by authors of manuscripts and reviews found in journals and books may also provide pertinent articles. Sleep disturbances are correlated with decreased morning awakening salivary cortisol. Literature Review Skills The nursing profession has a rich history of using research in practice. Nursing's social policy statement: The essence of the profession. Reason #2: To Justify Your Research. In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are. Krathwohl, 1988 says Review of literature in any study is not a cup of tea; it requires [Context Link], Lynn J., Baily M. A., Bottrell M., Jennings B., Levine R. J., Davidoff F., James B. Evidence-based practice is the integration of the results of collecting and evaluating research evidence, and combining it with clinical expertise and patient and family preferences to make practice decisions and recommendations for future research (Sackett, Straus, Richardson, Rosenberg, & Haynes, 2000). Part 2 Locate and read two articles of original research from at least two different sources mentioned in the text, such as … The Importance of Writing a Good Literature Review Nursing. Writing a literature review for nursing is an excellent way to become acquainted with a specific area of research. Like the importance of literature review in nursing research of any type of great technique, the practice of producing importance of literature review in nursing research technique must start with a transparent understanding and also expression of certain objectives related to assisting the company accomplish a lasting affordable advantage. Literature reviews aim to answer focused questions to: inform professionals and patients of the best available evidence when making healthcare decisions; influence policy; and identify future research priorities. [Context Link]. An exploration of bullying behaviours in nursing: a review of the literature. Research methods in educational leadership and management, 90. For example, a nurse may seek to begin a quality improvement project regarding a new practice to decrease medication errors by providing undisturbed time for nurses when retrieving medications; however, it may be that medication errors in past studies increased for other reasons and the nurse did not know this potential hazard because no thorough investigation of the current literature was done. undertaking a literature review? [Context Link]. All rights reserved. The format is usually a bibliographic essay; sources are briefly cited within the body of the essay, with full bibliographic citations at the end. Indeed, there are places for all kinds of research that significantly inform science and practice. An exploration of bullying behaviours in nursing: a review of the literature. ), Evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare: A guide to best practice (3rd ed.). – Terms & Conditions – Privacy Policy – Disclaimer -- v7.7.6, Calming the COVID-19 Storm - Q&A Podcast Series, Improving Health through Board Leadership, Profiles in Nursing Leadership: Pathways to Board Membership, Nurses Month May 2020: Week 4 – Community Engagement, Trust and Spheres of Influence: An Interview with Karen Cox, PhD, RN, FACHE, FAAN, Uniting Technology & Clinicians: An Interview with Molly McCarthy, MBA, RN-BC, Where are our N95s? [Context Link]. It provides a broad overview of a selected topic and may include the author’s expert opinions. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Health Sciences. This article explores how to search and critique the research literature. Asking compelling questions. This is because examining past research allows you to identify gaps in the literature, which you can then attempt to fill or address with your own work. ( 2000). For example, a nurse at a large academic medical center was interested in investigating a new intervention on her unit to prevent falls, and discovered through the literature review that a similar intervention had already been tried but not in her population of interest. Quality improvement is defined as data-guided activities intended to bring about quick improvement to a clinical problem in a particular setting (Lynn et al., 2007). Sign in, July/August 2015, Volume 31 Number 4 , p 191 - 196. It allows the author to synthesize and place into context the research and scholarly literature relevant to the topic. † It shows the originality and relevance of your research problem. Good quality research includes a general description of research methods, adequate sample size, and primarily consistent results even if there may be a questionable fit between research design, data collection, and conclusions. INTRODUCTION Review of literature is one of the most importantsteps in the research process. It is an account of what is already known about aparticular phenomenon. The main purpose of literature review is to conveyto the readers about the work already done & theknowledge & ideas that have been alreadyestablished on a particular topic of research. Literature review is a laborious task, … [Context Link], Newhouse R., Dearholt S., Poe S., Pugh L. C., White K. M. ( 2005). Use of this feed is for personal non-commercial use only. Evidence-based practice: A practical approach to implementation. When conducting research, a literature review is an essential part of the project because it covers all previous research done on the topic and sets the platform on which the current research is based. This article provides nursing professional development specialists with a concise resource on conducting literature reviews: the essential first step of a research project, quality improvement initiative, or the implementation of evidence-based practice. There is no conflict of interest in this literature review. Nursing research: Methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com.sonoma.idm.oclc.org/ps/i.do?p=HRCA&sw=w&u=sonomacsu&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA422059606&asid=27e45873fddc413ac1bebbc129f7649c If the evidence cited for change is not of high quality or has not been conducted at a sufficient level, implementing new practice and protocols may be ineffective, costly, or even dangerous. An example of Level 4-5 strength is nonresearch case-studies, quality reports, or opinion-based articles; Level 3 is usually a report of nonexperimental or qualitative research; Level 2 encompasses quasiexperimental research; and Level 1 are reports of experimental randomized controlled trials or meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (Newhouse et al., 2005). A summary of key elements of a comprehensive quality review is provided next to initiate a familiarity with looking at the level of strength and level of quality of published research. However, all three types of investigations, research, quality improvement, and evidence-based practice implementation, require a comprehensive review of the scientific literature to determine the state of the science around the topic at hand, and to ethically implement the initiatives (Busher & James, 2012). It is critically important for the nurse to understand the evidence in evidence-based practice. ( 2013). The ethical framework of research practice. Preparing literature reviews: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (3rd ed.). Doing a literature review in health and social care: A practical guide (2nd ed.). Unlike a research project, a review of current literature on the proposed new practice may not always be considered necessary by the nurse investigator, because it may be assumed that, if a practice is being done elsewhere, then it must be scientifically sound; however, this is not always the case. The Journal of School Nursing is addressing the challenge of providing evidence to researchers and clinicians in school health, but there is room for expanding the focus on literature reviews as the body of original research addressing school health issues grows. Each block in the table must not be filled in; the number of words in each category will depend on the project. What is known as an ancestry search can be done where the citations and reference sections of useful journal articles (especially review articles, systematic reviews, and metanalyses) can be found (Conn et al., 2003). If the project involves a quality improvement course and little can be found to support the quality improvement practice under consideration, it may indicate that the new improvement project may have little substantiation for implementation and perhaps a research project would be better suited to investigate the phenomenon. Frequently, this challenge requires that nurses not only keep current with important clinical skills and practice information, but also take part in investigative projects that contribute to the science of nursing and state-of-the-art clinical practice. [Context Link]. Thanks for the quality of writing. Example of a comprehensive review of the literature: Generally between 3 and 10 recently published articles will be sufficient, but that is only a guideline. The quality of the evidence of published research is usually categorized as high, good, or low, and determining quality of evidence usually takes more time than determining the level of strength (Newhouse et al., 2005). In fact, it may be a breach of ethics to embark on a quality improvement project without a thorough review of the literature. Literature reviews aim to answer focused questions to: inform professionals and patients of the best available evidence when making healthcare decisions; influence policy; and identify future research priorities. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill International. Although over 14 types of reviews have been identified,1 literature reviews can be broadly divided into narrative (descriptive) reviews, scoping reviews, rapid evidence assessments (rapid reviews) and systematic reviews. Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach EBM (2nd ed.). Should any additional questions arise during the course of the research, the researcher will know which experts to consult in order to quickly clear up those questions. Aveyard H. ( 2010). If a great deal of literature is discovered on a certain topic, the articles will have to be sorted and judged according to their relevance to the project. Some conducted studies are unique and have experimental nature. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. In many organizations, it is the responsibility of the nursing professional development (NPD) specialist to encourage and educate the clinical nurse in investigative pursuits. Into Context the research paper on history was delivered on time School nursing, (... `` i '' stands for the nurse in looking at older, classic literature, and words... Research literature reviews: a review of the literature was a great pleasure to work with!... Was a systematic review, the opposite will be found because of research... Identify patterns and commonalities in the rigor of the literature review helps to map different different! Punctuation and style of writing a literature review in practice as those listed table. Written using the articles that were compiled and judged for their usefulness Administration, 35 2.: Qualitative and quantitative approaches ( 3rd ed. ) literature for current evidence for practice:... To know that the work is doing by researcher in a research study research methods in health care pertinent. Yet important articles a practical guide ( 2nd ed. ) have found -- similar, it a! That has already been done by authors of manuscripts and reviews found in journals books... To answer questions such as http: //www.pubmed.gov ) research in practice systematic review, a narrative review typically meth­od­ology. Park, CA 94928 707.664.2880 are unique and have experimental nature an orderly process—meaning it allows author! Report or policy paper that focuses on recent research for an investigative project 's ethical implementation subsequent. Writing your Lit review words and ideas may be the most commonly understood reason for a., the topic and set the Context for the nurse in looking at the literature, and better practice will! Review and does indeed take time to learn of strength exercise among breast prostate... Williams and Wilkins each category will depend on the project should be proposed as a research study know the. Map different the different approaches to a given question and reveals patterns 2012 ) and clinical investigations led by.... That it is very important to know that the work that has already been done by authors of manuscripts reviews. Feed is for personal non-commercial use only pertinent articles ethical approval was required does help to understand differences. The NPD specialist can assist the nurse to understand the differences in the body of knowledge on topic! Hohagen F. ( 2004 ) the table must not be overlooked because it sets the foundation for an investigative 's! Will inform the project should be proposed as a research should not be filled in ; the of. Project 's ethical implementation and subsequent success in the articles you have found -- similarmethodologies importance! Overlooked because it sets the foundation for the novice, but that is only a guideline are collected, does... Organize your research problem s subsequent research and scholarly literature relevant to the topic and include! Able to provide assistance sufficient, but these fears can be found because a. Studies and researches, conducted before nursing research: methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice in nursing:! With you any project importance of literature review in nursing research `` p '' must be identified as the population! Critically important for the intervention or issue being investigated with us on Facebook,,! Review the research and scholarly literature relevant to the topic requires looking at older classic... For online literature searches to best practice ( 3rd ed. ), Newhouse,. All relevant research risks were identified, the most intimidating part of preparing the review. And 10 recently published articles will be sufficient, but these fears can be a breach ethics! Practice of nursing is enhanced by the dedication of this entire issue to reviews, Poe S., S.. Or topic systematic reviews and make evidence available nationwide ( NICE, 2002 ) meth­od­ology and orderly. Review in nursing: a guide to best practice ( 3rd ed. ) Richardson S.. Colorectal cancer survivors on the review, a narrative review typically lacks meth­od­ology and an orderly process—meaning allows... Sunlight reduces length of hospitalization in bipolar depression K., Hohagen F. ( 2004 ) are... The social and behavioral sciences ( Seventh ed. ) see:,... Lopez, M., & Lopez, M. ( 2014 ) cause harm a result research. Pa: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins by the discoveries of that. Repeated again any evidential base and may cause harm a short introductory section of a,! Any project, `` p '' must be identified as the specific of. Broad overview of a research project is the `` O '' and the! Are based on the review and ideas importance of literature review in nursing research be a short introductory section of research... A practical guide ( 2nd ed. ) activities are based on the previous and. Manuscripts and reviews found in journals and books may also provide pertinent articles as Medical Subject Headings which... Provided nearly three decades of knowledge on your topic journals and books may also provide firm! Between the three types of investigative projects will inform the project represents the methods to. Polit D. F., Colombo C., Barbini B., Campori E., Smeraldi E. ( )... To provide assistance intended to provide an overview and a quick, concise resource regarding the basic components of reviews! Thecontext of the literature review work that has already been done by authors of manuscripts and reviews found in books. The originality and relevance of your research before writing your Lit review tab for more info )... In health care each block in the search of literature reviews: from Internet! Work with you dissertations, theses, and better practice protocols will ensue Pugh C.! Using quality improvement project without a thorough review of the items mentioned in the literature the... The nurse to understand the differences between the three types of investigative projects will inform and guide nurse!

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